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Christian Ziegler

德國
自然生態 單幅 第一名

在澳洲昆士蘭,一隻南方食火雞正在吃藍框檔樹的果實。南方食火雞是一種不會飛行的大型鳥類,身高可及2公尺,雄鳥體重約55公斤,雌鳥約76公斤。食火雞是瀕臨滅絕的物種,目前野生的數量僅剩約1,500隻。這種鳥類對昆士蘭北部的古老雨林極為重要,因為牠們能將體積大的種子運輸至遠處(吃果實時一併吞食的種子,可完整跟著排泄物排出體外)。對數十種樹種而言,食火雞甚至是唯一的種子傳播途徑。食火雞面臨的生存威脅包括因農業與住宅開發導致棲息地流失、遭到家犬攻擊致死以及與車輛之間的交通意外。


Christian Ziegler

Germany
1st Prize Nature Singles

A southern cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) feeds on the fruit of the blue quandong tree, in Queensland, Australia. The flightless birds grow up to two meters in height, with males weighing some 55 kg, and females 76 kg. Cassowaries are an endangered species, with around only 1,500 left in the wild. The birds are crucial to the ancient rainforest of northern Queensland, because they carry large seeds in their stomachs for long distances. Several dozen tree species appear to rely on cassowaries alone to disperse their seeds. The birds are under threat from habitat loss, resulting from agricultural and housing development, killings by domestic dogs, and collisions with vehicles.

Paul Nicklen

加拿大,國家地理雜誌
自然生態 系列報導 第一名

皇帝企鵝的體型和笨拙的攀爬能力讓牠們難以將自己拉上岸,尤其當岸上結冰或佈滿石塊時。此時牠們也特別難以抵擋掠食者的攻擊。但是不會飛的皇帝企鵝也有「升空」的本事!牠們能把平常游泳的速度加快兩倍,然後從水中一躍而起,跳過海岸的邊緣地帶。這是因為皇帝企鵝能在水面下釋出羽毛中包覆的空氣,形成許多微小的氣泡。這些氣泡就像潤滑劑一樣,能降低周圍海水的阻力。如果沒有這些氣泡的幫助,皇帝企鵝就不可能有足夠的爆發力。

在南極洲的羅斯海,一群皇帝企鵝游向水面。
一頭皇帝企鵝衝向水面,企鵝產生的大片氣泡也可用來混淆掠食者的視線。
企鵝從水中奮力跳上海冰,躲避豹斑海豹的追捕。
待在海裡三週後,成年的企鵝帶著肚子裡滿滿的磷蝦和魚類,步上漫長的歸途,回到群居地餵孩子。


Paul Nicklen

Canada, National Geographic magazine
1st Prize Nature Stories

Emperor penguins’ body shape and poor climbing ability make it difficult for the birds to haul themselves ashore, especially onto icy or rocky coasts. It is also a moment when they are especially vulnerable to attacks by predators. But the flightless emperor penguin is capable of becoming airborne, by swimming at up to three times its normal speed and launching itself from the water to clear the edge of a shoreline. The penguins do this by releasing air from their feathers in the form of tiny bubbles. These act as a lubricant, cutting drag and enabling the birds to achieve bursts of speeds that would otherwise be impossible.

Emperor penguins swim to the surface, in the Ross Sea, Antarctica.
An emperor penguin shoots toward the surface. The clouds of bubbles the penguins create may also serve to confuse predators.
With a leopard seal in pursuit, penguins launch themselves from the water onto sea ice.
After being at sea for three weeks, adult penguins, bellies full of krill and fish, begin the long walk back to the colony to feed their chicks.