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  長期專題 Long-Term Projects  
 
Mary F. Calvert

美國,ZUMA Press/Alexia Foundation
長期專題 第一名

內心之戰:美國軍中的性侵害
在美國軍隊中,女性遭到同僚性侵的機率很高。通報上級的這種處理方式讓許多女性認為難以啟齒或於事無補,而且往往只有幾樁通報案件能訴諸法庭。軍中性創傷(MST)可能導致長期的個人問題,包括藥物和酒精的依賴、居無定所,也會提高其自殺率,然而現行的退役軍人方案只能解決女性退役軍人面臨的一部分挑戰。在美國的街友人口中,女性退役軍人族群的成長率不但最高,她們成為街友的機率也是其他女性的四倍高。負責這項專題的攝影師來自一個軍人家庭,她試著記錄軍中性創傷倖存者的生活,並設法促使更多人正視這個議題。她發現雖然這些受害者建立了一個彼此扶持的支援網,但是無家可歸的倖存者宛如隱形人口,絕少向他人提及發生在自己身上的經歷。


Mary F. Calvert

USA, ZUMA Press/Alexia Foundation
Long-Term Projects 1st Prize

The Battle Within: Sexual Assault in America’s Military
The incidence of sexual assault on women by their colleagues in the US Armed Forces is high. Many women see reporting attacks to their commands as difficult or futile, and few reported assaults get to court. Military Sexual Trauma (MST) may lead to long-term personal issues, including drug and alcohol dependence, homelessness, and an increased risk of suicide, yet challenges for women veterans are not always met by existing vet programs. Women veterans form the fastest-growing segment of the homeless population of the US, and are four times more likely to be homeless as other women. The photographer, who comes from a military family, aims to document the lives of MST survivors, and to keep the issue talked about. She learned that they formed a network of support for each other, but that homeless survivors were a hidden population, who rarely spoke to others about their experiences.
Debra Filter was raped with several other recruits at a boot camp graduation party they were forced to attend in 1978. She eventually left the army, suffering from PTSD, and has been homeless for ten years.

Nancy Borowick

美國
長期專題 第二名

與死同生
Borowick夫婦結婚三十四年,其中最後一年在攜手抗癌中度過。他們不願在人生的最後幾個月裡為自己的病情過度費心傷神,於是選擇共同創造新的回憶,和家人充分把握僅剩的相聚時光。丈夫Howie在2013年12月7日去世。他走後,妻子Laurel的病情惡化,並在隔年的12月6日逝世。攝影師在這項專題中記錄了雙親最後的人生篇章。她說每個人都希望能在人生中找到目的,父母親人生最後的目的就存在此刻,存在他們留給她的這份禮物中,讓她能夠用照片說出父母的故事。這也是Borowick夫婦遺留給後人的禮物。


Nancy Borowick

USA
Long-Term Projects 2nd Prize

A Life in Death
Laurel and Howie Borowick lived out the final year of their 34-year-long marriage battling cancer together. They chose to spend their last months creating new memories, rather than becoming preoccupied with their troubles. Their family used the time they all had left together to the fullest. Howie died on 7 December 2013. After that, Laurel’s cancer worsened and she passed away on 6 December 2014. The photographer documented her parents’ final chapters. She says that everyone wants to find purpose in their lives, and that Laurel and Howie’s final purpose was found in this moment, in the gift they gave her of allowing her to tell their story. This is their legacy.